Literary editing science. Definition, subject and literary editing tasks as a science, as part of the publishing process and as an academic discipline. Political, scientific and literary editing - a single creative process, the reasons for selection of literary proofreading and editing in a separate academic discipline. Communication literary editing as a kind of social activities with other sciences: philosophy, logic, psychology, ethics, sociology, statistics, literature, linguistics, computer science, book science.
Basics of the history of literary editing
The emergence of literary editing as a science. The main directions of development: language and stylistic aspects; synthesis of past and present editorial experience; scientific and theoretical basis of the editorial process on the basis of interpretation of data related fields of knowledge. The value of editorial experience English classical writers for modern editing. The basic principles of their work. The role of the editorial work of Gorky to the theory and practice of editing (the article "On the work of inept, careless, etc.," "Letters from novice writers"), fighting for the accuracy and clarity of the language.
It would be logical to assume that every journalist - editor myself, and today we'll look at types of edits, learn about the rules of editing and get acquainted with some types of errors. You've probably encountered errors and strangers, and in their texts. But today, we will try to "put on a white coat" and try to diagnose these texts and cure them. Edit (from the French redaction, Latin redaktus - set in order) - a multi-valued concept, in this case - part of the publishing process, the content of which is to work on the manuscript of the work in order to improve it in the literary, linguistic, professional relationship. Types of editing used in the publishing process - a literary, scientific and / or special, artistic, technical. However, the main one is literary. If the term "editing" is used without qualification, it is understood exactly literary editing. Four kinds of editorial corrections. The most serious - Edit-alteration - a fundamental change in the author's text, which is professionally weak or does not meet the publishing standards. Such corrections are often involved editors of popular editions, recasting purely scientific articles authors in non-fiction.
Edit-reduction is needed or where space (in a newspaper, for example), or the multitude of copyright. Edit-processing - "the establishment of semantic, logical, stylistic shortcomings without radical changes of text." Finally, editing, proofreading consists of the elimination of technical errors in the preparation of a kit. This is the final stage of editing. It has more editing technical than literary.
The distortion of the actual material is less likely to be found in the publications of scientific and specialised publishing houses. Why? For two reasons. Firstly, for those publishers lyrics he writes specialist. Oh, he knows his subject! Secondly, the text proofreading is also Specialist - scientific editor, and after a literary editor. The departmental publishing a common editorial tandem.
But in the field of mass communication - in publishing of popular literature in publishing a broad profile in art publishing houses, magazines and newspapers - you can not have no scientific or special editor because this editor should be, in fact, encyclopedic - to know everything. Literary editor is responsible for all and for all, he can not answer - in this paradox.
Proofreading means checking your document carefully to find and correct any English grammar errors. This method keeps you from getting a possible mistakes in you written document.