Posted on 2nd Jan 2016 22:56:31 in Proofreading
The English language formation originated from the Celtic culture. The epoch of the British Celts started in the year 800 B.Ch.E., and from this time forth the English language began disseminating over the country. There are chronicles mentioning that the British Celts spoke a special dialect, which had been already formed. The development of the English language was influenced by the Roman Empire. This period of time is marked by the close communication between the Celts and the Romans, which undoubtedly reflected in the language. The communication resulted in the Latin roots of many words of the modern English language. It influenced the geographical names of modern Britain. The Anglo-Saxon period covers the years 450 to 1066 in the history of the English language. The language was directly influenced by the Germanic tribes of the Saxons, Angles and Friesians, who appeared in the territory of Britain in 449. With its mass scale, the Anglo-Saxon dialect completely forced the Celtic dialect out of usage. The Anglo-Saxon tribes contributed to giving names to geographic locations.
Christianization of Britain is the important period in the English language history, as previously the Anglo-Saxon tribes had been pagans. The Roman Church delegated monk Augustine to the island, who promoted the Christian ideas in the Anglo-Saxon tribes. Such merger of cultures influenced the English language as well; it was enriched with the words that appeared at that time. According to calculations made by linguists, in this period of time English borrowed from Latin more than 7 hundred words, without their derivatives. Therefore, the English language can be deemed to be a mixed language, influenced by many historic factors and events. Presently, a modern language has been formed in Great Britain, which is not static at this stage. The language is permanently changing, being formed, some words are passing away, and some appear. The absence of static norms is the peculiar feature of the English language in Great Britain. A great number of dialects are used. One and the same concept can be expressed by different words. Currently, American English is widely-spread, while there are Australian English, Canadian English, and dozens of other dialects spoken by population of certain regions.
The centuries-long colonial policy of Great Britain, having colonized Australia and North America, contributed to popularity of the English language. Definitely, English is the key means of communication in the contemporary world. The gradual evolution of the English language resulted in a significant moment for the New English language, when pronunciation and spelling split, causing versatile consequences. Within the centuries’ history of English, there were considerable changes in all its aspects.
Throughout a significant period of its history, English underwent dramatic changes in dialects, expressions. For over thousand years, the English vocabulary has changed drastically. Finally, English became very contrasting by its origin, having preserved integrity of the English words, with the words of Latin, Scandinavian, and French forming substantial part among these words. Having analyzed the English language formation in different historic epochs, the following can be said. Under the influence of the historical events, the New English language has a very complex phonetic and grammatical structure, which formed as a result of interaction of different languages. If we compare Russian and English, they were formed in different conditions, that is why these languages are referred to different language groups. In the course of their development, both languages had no moment to drastically influence each other. But nowadays the structure of the English language undergoes even slightest changes. During this period, about 70% of the English vocabulary was borrowed from other languages. In the modern usage, English is based on clear grammar rules and word formation rules.
The variety of the language vocabulary, which is continuously updated and extended nowadays as well, is supported by the comprehensive global technologic progress. According to the statistical data, English acquired about 700-900 new words per year. Therefore it is useful to use proofreading company to make sure that your document does not have any errors. At this point, there is a tendency to further improvement of the English language, elimination of unnecessary verbal forms from it. The process of transformation of many irregular verbs transformation into regular is under way. At the modern stage of its development, English is characterized as a mixed language due to the extreme nonuniformity of its structure. The analysis of the English language history and structure at the present time makes it possible to define the prospect of its development, its opportunities, tasks and objectives. Currently, a distinct and monosemantic vocabulary is formed, with already existing grammar and phonetic rules, determined by the general structure of the language. English is still influenced by other languages, but the root frame of the language has been historically formed already and integrated into the basic system of the English language in all aspects of its usage.
Considering the systemic approach to studying the historic development of the English language in the global language system, one van definitely say that English took a significant and important place in the international language family by spread, usage and mass scale. Looking at the prospects of the English language development in future, one can see the new possibilities opening for the language as the element of communication in various fields of its application. Such development will result in its all-encompassing penetration into versatile life spheres of the world community, the language centralization in politics, economy, technology, social spheres. Practicality of the English language was demonstrated by its high historical competitiveness, where English was one of the key elements of communication at all historic events. The historic formation of the English language was characterized by intensity of its development, purposive nature, resistance to external factors, promising outlook.